CDAP Application Templates¶
Introduction to Application Templates
CDAP allows developers to create distributed applications using the foundational application building blocks (datasets, streams, flows, MapReduce, services, workflows and workers). However, there are use cases that require that a similar type of action be performed in different circumstances, differing only slightly in each case.
For example, perhaps you need to copy data from five different relational tables to CDAP Datasets periodically; you wouldn’t want to deploy five different applications to perform these tasks. Instead, you would want to reuse code or a common program that can be configured to perform similar actions on differently configured data sources. In situations like these, you can create or use an Application Template.
An Application Template is an application that is reusable through configuration and extensible through plugins. Plugins extend the application template by implementing an interface expected by the template. One or more plugins are packaged in a specifically constructed JAR file.
To create an instantiation of an application template—called an Adapter—you can make a RESTful call, use a CLI command, or use the CDAP UI, providing the configuration at the time. Users of CDAP manage the lifecycle of an adapter in a very similar manner to managing the life cycle of a CDAP program.
CDAP comes packaged with two application templates to create ETL (Extract, Transform, and Load) pipelines, simply by configuring the ETL templates and not writing any code at all. An adapter created from an ETL Application template is referred to as an ETL pipeline or ETL adapter.
In the future, a variety of application templates will be delivered. The framework is extensible: users can write their own application templates if they so chose, and can manage the lifecycle of their custom application templates using CDAP.
ETL is Extract, Transform and Load of data, a common first-step in any data application. CDAP endeavors to make performing ETL possible out-of-box without writing code; instead, you just configure CDAP appropriately and operate it.
These sections describe:
- ETL Overview: An introduction to ETL, ETL templates, adapters, and plugins.
- ETL Templates: Details on Application Templates and exploring Application templates using RESTful APIs.
- Creating an ETL Adapter: Covers using the ETL application templates and plugins included with CDAP to create an ETL adapter.
- Adapter Lifecycle Management: Covers using an ETL adapter to perform ETL.
- Creating Custom ETL Plugins: Intended for developers writing custom ETL plugins.
- Using Third-party Jars: Explains how to use a third-party JAR (such as JDBC driver) as a plugin.